The term overclock might be familiar enough for many PC or computer users, especially gamers. It is because most gamers overclock their CPU in order to boost their computer’s performance for gaming without spending too much money. They do not have to spend money upgrading their hardware or buying a new device. Though it is quite easy to overclock a CPU, you need to know that overclocking your CPU can cause damage to your hardware, especially if you do it wrong.
Moreover, PC users are also suggested not to excessively overclock their CPUs and make sure to accurately monitor the temperature of the CPU before starting overclocking. It is important to do because the overclocked component can easily overheat and become unstable. Therefore, the cooling system of the PC must work as well as possible in order to remove the heat in the device. Also, make sure the chipset or CPU processor supports overclocking before you start.
For AMD processor users, make sure the chipset is fully open and supports overclocking for each type, from the AMD FX series to the newest Ryzen type. Below are the steps on how to overclock your CPU to boost performance.
Overclocking with BIOS Settings
You can overclock your CPU by accessing the BIOS menu of Basic Input Output System. This is the most recommended way to overclock CPUs because it has minimum risks. Moreover, it also allows users to have full control over all settings. Here are the steps to overclock CPUs with BIOS settings.
- Depending on the brand of your computer or laptop, get into the BIOS menu by pressing F1, F2, F8, or Delete buttons on the keyboard when your PC is booting.
- Navigate to the page of CPU settings. Some PC brands do not allow users to make any changes in CPU settings in order to protect the hardware. If you face this case, you can look for another way.
- Enable the CPU Host Clock Controller on the CPU settings page. Select the Frequency menu to display the laptop clock speed.
- Slowly increase the CPU clock speed, for example, 5%. Then, click Accept.
- Reboot your device and check its stability. If all software works correctly, you can keep adding the clock speed until your computer or laptop runs steadily.
- But if you notice any mistakes or errors, immediately turn your computer off and reduce the frequency to the last level which manages to increase the laptop speed steadily. Then, check the stability again.
Also Read: How to Boost Your PC’s Performance
Overclocking with Software
Besides using BIOS, PC users can also overclock their CPUs with the help of additional software. If you are using Intel, you can use an official software named XTU or Extreme Tuning Utility. It is equipped with a built-in CPU and memory stability test. If you are using AMD, you can use OverDrive that is directly released by AMD. Both XTU and OverDrive are often used for overclocking CPUs. If you are interested, you can download and install Extreme Tuning Utility or OverDrive first on your laptop or PC.
After that, open the software and find the part to set several parameters of the CPU/GPU in real time. After setting the new clock, do a test to find out the results of the overclock that you have done. If your device crashes or hangs, it means that the settings are not fully stable. Another cause of failure of this process is usually the processor does not support overclocking, especially on Intel chipsets.
Also Read: How to Upgrade RAM for Desktop PC
Pros and Cons of Overclocking CPUs
Besides knowing how to overclock your CPU to boost its performance, you also need to know the advantages and disadvantages of the action. So, you can consider whether it is worth it or not to overclock your PC.
Pros of Overclocking CPUs
a. Boosting Performance
The main benefit of overclocking your CPU is that you can boost its performance. Overclocking can increase the speed of the data transfer process on your computer or laptop. If you overclock a four-core Processor from 3.4 GHz, then the speed will be equivalent to 3.6 GHz after you overclocked it. So, this will give you an additional 0.8 GHz on the overclocked processor.
As it is said before, securely and correctly overclocking your CPU and GPU can deliver the maximum performance from the hardware components you have without you having to spend an extra cost to buy a new device. Unless you want to use the best CPU cooling system.
c. Enjoying New Experiences
By overclocking your CPU, you will be able to enjoy new experiences in doing digital activities with your computer or laptop. For example, if your PC slows down every time you browse the internet while opening another application like Photoshop, you will not face the same problem after overclocking your CPU. Instead, you will get a new sensation and experience.
Cons of Overclocking CPUs
a. Hardware Quality Decrease
Overclocking indeed reduces the lifespan and quality of the hardware components, unless you are overclocking a CPU, in which there is an adequate cooling system to prevent extra heat in the hardware and no additional voltage is added during overclocking. Even if you have the best cooling system, your CPU will only last for 4 years to 5 years.
b. Device Instability
Overclocking even at a light level can increase the current and temperature of the computer which can easily erode RAM. If the performance of RAM is disturbed, there will be instability on your computer. For example, your device easily hangs, apps are not responding, and even Bluescreen.
c. Consuming Electricity
Overclocking can trigger an increase in the power consumption of the computer. This only happens if you are overclocking the stock voltage that can lead to increased energy consumption. This can put additional stress on the Motherboard VRM and 12V rail power supply.
Overclocking can indeed boost the performance of your PC. However, you need to consider the disadvantages that come along with something instant like overclocking. If you insist, make sure you moderately overclock your CPU.